Buckyballs are spherical nanomaterials with all three dimensions confined at the nanoscale.
Microscopy of buckyballs
Carbon nanotubes are tubular / cylindrical nanomaterials with
2 dimensions at the nanoscale.
Graphene is a planar nanomaterial with 1 dimension confined at the nanoscale.
Nanotubes, graphene, and buckyballs are new allotropic forms of carbon.
Structural difference give the new, nano allotropes different properties from other forms of carbon. Example:
In diamond all carbons are bound to 4 other carbon atoms, but our nano-material structures have carbon bound to 3 other carbon atoms.
By only being bound to 3 other C's, the nano-based materials have C atoms with a free electron pair - this is what makes nanotubes and graphene good conductors of electricity vs. diamond.
Structure of Diamond
Structure of graphene, carbon nanotubes, and buckyballs
Model of a carbyne rope
Carbyne is predicted to be shaped as a rope structure
Nanowires = “wire-like” structures with 1-100 nm cross-section.
Made of copper, metals, metal oxides.
Nanoparticles are small aggregates/clusters of atoms with dimensions between 1-100 nm.
Generally spherical in shape but, but can have many different faces depending on the size.
Carbon Nanotubes: Watch how nanotubes are made and some interesting properties they have as they are played with in the lab.
The science that makes it so special.
Applications of the next revolutionary material.
To learn more about nanotechnology, visit omninano.org